Basic Information On Ultravist
Ultravist is a non-ionic contrast agent which is iodinated. It is used as an intravascular injection. The drug is used for intra-arterial procedures such as peripheral arteriography, cerebral arteriography, coronary arteriography, left ventriculography, aortography and visceral angiography. In the intravenous procedures, the drug is used for excretory urography, peripheral venography, contrast CT (computer tomography) of the body and head and for evaluating the non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions. Brand or generic Ultravist once injected, passes through the body. It delineates the body structures containing iodine and does not delineate those which do not have iodine, therefore there is a contrast. The opacity depends on the volume or concentration of the iodinated contrast-agent. Thus, the drug makes the blood vessels opaque and allows the visualization of internal structures.
Precautions / Side Effects For Ultravist
Iopromide causes mild pain and heat at the site of injection. The drug also causes thrombo-embolism which may lead to a stroke or myocardial infarction, especially during angiography. Seek medical attention if you experience side effects such as slow heart beat, fainting, coronary thrombosis, hypertension and burning/ prickly/ tingling sensation. Other side effects are pounding heart beat, fainting, trouble in breathing and unusual weakness which are effects associated with the AV block. Ultravist can cause allergic reactions such as hives, skin rashes, stuffy nose, wheezing, tightness of the chest, trouble in breathing or swelling in the tongue.
If you experience any of the above mentioned allergic reactions or side effects upon administering brand or generic Ultravist then consult your physician. Common side effects of the drug may include drowsiness, headache, changes in taste, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, difficulty in urinating (urinary retention), frequent urination, flushing or pain in the skin and bleeding or pain at the site of where Iopromide is injected.
In the treatment of cerebral arteriography Ultravist 300 mg I/ml is used and 3-12 ml is injected in carotid arteries, 4-12 ml in vertebral arteries and 20-50 ml injected in aortic arch (for vessel study). The maximum dose is 150 ml. For peripheral arteriography 5-40 ml is injected in femoral or sub-clavian artery and 25-50 ml is injected in aortic bifurcation. A maximum dose is 250 ml. For left ventriculography and coronary arteriography (370 mg I/ml), 3-14 ml is injected in the right or left coronary artery and 30-60 ml in the left ventricle. The maximum dose of Ultravist drug is 225 ml. For 300 mg I/ml contrast CT, 50-200 ml and for 370 mg I/ml contrast CT, 41-162 mL is injected as bolus in the head or body. Also a rapid infusion of 100-200 ml (for 300 mg I/ml) and 81-162 ml (for 370 mg I/ml) is administered.
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